In the 1950s, the state legislature passed a law stating that a woman who had had an abortion or was actively seeking one (whether she had it or not) was guilty of a felony.  Parental consent laws passed by Massachusetts and Minnesota in the 1980s created more than 12,000 petitions to circumvent consent. Of these, 21 were dismissed and half of these refusals were overturned on appeal.   Our state`s anti-abortion legislators have tacitly passed laws that restrict access to abortion, intimidate providers and patients, and increase costs. These include: Are you a lawyer? Visit our professional website » During the 2003 legislature, the Minnesota legislature passed the Women`s Right to Information Act. This law directs the Minnesota Department of Health to provide certain information on paper and online before performing an abortion. For more information, see Women`s Right to Information Act. Minnesota law generally prohibits abortion after viability, but that law has been declared unconstitutional.  MINN. STAT.
§ 145.412 Abs. 3, unconstitutional in Hodgson v. Lawson, 542 F.2d 1350, 1358 (8th Cir. 1976) (per curiam). State law requires pregnant women seeking abortions to undergo a mandatory twenty-four-hour waiting period and biased counseling.MINN STAT. Section 145.4242(a)-c), but both requirements have become permanent.  Doe v. Minnesota, No.
62-CV-19-3868 (Min. 2d Jud. Dist. July 11, 2022) (order granting permanent injunction). State law contains permanently prescribed requirementsId. according to which both parents or a legal guardian must be informed of the abortion of a minor. Minn. Stat. § 144.343 Ziff. 2.3. Abortion was legalized by the U.S.
Supreme Court (Roe v. Wade) in 1973 and defined the rights of the mother and the interests of the state in three 12-week quarters. The court ruled that the state cannot regulate the procedure in the first trimester beyond certain requirements that it be performed in a medically safe facility by a licensed physician. However, many states have introduced additional legal restrictions on abortion, resulting in a patchwork of radically different state laws. Abortion will remain legal in Minnesota. The state`s highest court recognized the right to abortion under the Minnesota Constitution, and as of July 2022, many medically unnecessary restrictions were permanently blocked. And all of these restrictions were enacted even though abortion rates are at historically low levels, with 7 in 10 Americans supporting Roe v. Wade, the 47-year-old Supreme Court decision that upheld the right to a safe and legal abortion. Minnesota law provides constitutional protection for abortion, See Women of State of Minn.
by Doe v. Gomez, 542 N.W.2d 17, 27 (Min. 1995) (“We therefore conclude that the right to privacy under the Minnesota Constitution includes the right of women. Read more provides public funding for medically necessary abortions,Women of State of Minn. by Doe v. Gomez, 542 N.W.2d 17, 32 (Minn. 1995) (Suppression of a law limiting public funding of abortion, except in cases of life, rape or incest, because “the state does not do .. Read on and protect access to the clinic by prohibiting obstruction.
 MINN. STAT. § 609.7495. On June 25, 2022, the Governor of Minnesota issued an executive order prohibiting executive branch cooperation in extrastate investigations and lawsuits arising from the legal provision of abortion treatment in Minnesota.  Governor Tim Waltz, Executive Order No. 22-16, “Protecting Access to Reproductive Health Services in Minnesota” (June 25, 2022), . The first law to keep in mind when seeking an abortion in Minnesota is about counseling before an abortion procedure. Women must receive state-mandated counselling before an abortion and must then wait 24 hours before their procedure. We hope this summary of Minnesota`s abortion laws will be helpful to you when considering your options for your unplanned pregnancy. If you have any questions about these laws or abortion in general, please contact us. We offer free and confidential counseling at Robbinsdale Women`s Center to provide more information about abortion and your other options. The state was one of 23 states in 2007 that had detailed requirements for specific consent to abortion.
 Arkansas, Minnesota, and Oklahoma all require that women who desire an abortion after 20 weeks be verbally informed that the fetus may experience pain during the abortion procedure, despite a finding in the Journal of the American Medical Association that fetal pain sensors do not develop until 23 and 30 weeks.  The state legislature was one of four states in the country that attempted to pass a ban on early abortion in 2012 (often referred to by proponents as the “Fetal Heart Rhythm Act”).  It was also introduced in 2019 by MP Tim Miller.  Between 1911 and 1930, there were 100 abortion indictments and 30 convictions.  Dr. Jane Hodgson was convicted in 1970 of illegally aborting a 23-year-old woman in Minnesota. Hodgson was an abortion rights activist.  2.
Fuentes L and Jerman J, Distance traveled to get clinical abortion care in the United States and reasons for clinic choice, Journal of Women`s Health, 2019, doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2018.7496. Attempts to restrict and even ban abortions at the state level are part of an ongoing effort to deprive people of their right to make their own personal medical choices. Minnesota is one of seventeen states that use federal funds to cover all or most of the medically necessary abortions requested by low-income women under Medicaid. Minnesota is one of thirteen other states required to do so by state court orders.  In 2010, the state had 3,941 publicly funded abortions, of which sixteen were federally funded and 3,925 state-funded.  The Minnesota Supreme Court has long recognized access to abortion as a fundamental right. Yet Minnesota still has laws in its books that restrict access to abortion and other reproductive health services, keep pace with contemporary medical practice, and reflect archaic views about women`s role in society. More details on Minnesota`s abortion laws are listed in the table below. Read FindLaw`s Reproductive Rights section (which includes a subsection on abortion) to learn more. In Minnesota, medical assistance programs and MinnesotaCare cover abortion and abortion-related services.
For more information, see Minnesota Department of Human Services: Abortion Services. In 2018, the state was one of eleven in which lawmakers introduced a bill that would have banned abortion in almost all cases. It was not adopted.  The state legislature was one of ten states in the country that unsuccessfully attempted to pass a “heartbeat law” in 2018. Only Iowa managed to pass such a law, but it was struck down by the courts.  Since May 14, 2019, the state has banned abortions after the viability of the fetus, usually between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation. This period was defined by the U.S. Supreme Court in its landmark 1973 case in Roe v. Wade.  My body, my choice.
I can decide when I`m ready for the kids – both deserve it. Hodgson v. Minnesota said parental consent can pose a danger to minors seeking abortion if physical, emotional or sexual abuse is already present.   The case involved a Minnesota law that required both parents of a minor to be notified before she could have an abortion; It also contained a judicial circumvention provision that was to take effect only if a court deemed it necessary.  Dr. Jane Hodgson, a Minneapolis gynecologist, challenged the law. The executive order ordered the Minnesota Department of Health and the Minnesota Department of Human Services to write a report summarizing the safety, effectiveness and importance of abortion care in Minnesota. This report was presented to the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor and the Legislative Assembly on August 1, 2022. Summary of findings: Safety, Effectiveness, and Importance of Abortion Care in Minnesota (PDF) Since 2010, however, the U.S. abortion landscape has become increasingly restrictive as more states pass anti-abortion rights laws.
Between January 1, 2011 and July 1, 2019, states passed 483 new abortion restrictions, accounting for nearly 40 percent of all abortion restrictions passed by states in the decades following Roe v. Wade. Some of the most common restrictions on abortion at the state level include notification or consent requirements for minors, restrictions on public funding, mandatory counseling designed to discourage individuals from having abortions, prescribed waiting periods before an abortion, and unnecessary and burdensome regulations for abortion facilities.