What Is a Legal Tool Definition

The term “legal tools” refers to the online legal information services developed since 2006 by the ICC`s Legal Tools Project, mainly with the support of the European Union. [1] The main services are the Legal Tools Database (“LTD”), [2], the Legal Tools Website[3] and the Case Matrix. [4] The anthology Active Complementarity: Legal Information Transfer provides comprehensive information on the ICC`s draft legal tools and its open access value base. [5] No. 1) Any system of regulation governing the conduct of persons of a community, society or nation, in response to the need for regularity, coherence and justice based on collective human experience. Customs or behaviors determined by the power of the local king were replaced by laws as soon as man learned to write. The first book of laws was written around 2100 BC. J.-C. written for your-Nammu, king of your, a city-state in the Middle East. Over three centuries, Hammurabi, king of Babylonia, had enumerated laws of private conduct, business, and legal precedents, of which 282 articles have survived. The term “eye for an eye” (or equivalent) is found there, as is drowning as punishment for adultery by a woman (when a husband could have slave concubines), and the unequal treatment of rich and poor was codified for the first time here. It took another thousand years for the legal texts written between the Greek city-states (especially Athens) and Israel to develop.

China has developed rules of conduct similar to Egypt`s. The first legal system to have a direct impact on the American legal system was the codification of all classical law, which was decreed by the Roman Emperor Justinian in 528 and completed in 534, becoming the law of the Roman Empire. This is called the Justinian Code, on which most of the legal systems of most European nations are still based today. The main source of American law is the common law, which has its roots around the same time as Justinian, among the Angles, the British, and later the Saxons in Britain. William the Conqueror arrived in 1066 and combined the best of this Anglo-Saxon law with Norman law, resulting in English common law, much of which was by custom and precedent rather than written code. The American colonies followed English common law with minor variations, and Sir William Blackstone`s four-volume Commentaries on the Laws of England (completed in 1769) were the legal “bible” for all American frontier lawyers and influenced the development of states` legal systems. To a large extent, the common law has been replaced by written laws, and a gigantic body of such laws has been enacted by federal and state legislators, ostensibly in response to the greater complexity of modern life. 2) n. Law, ordinance or ordinance promulgated and promulgated by the legislature of a government or, in some countries, created by decree without democratic procedure. This differs from “natural law,” which is not based on laws, but on a purported shared understanding of what is right and proper (often based on moral and religious commandments, as well as a shared understanding of fairness and justice).

3) n. an umbrella term for any set of rules of conduct, including specific rules (military law), moral conduct between different religions, and for organizations commonly referred to as “statutes.” The Legal Tools Database is an online database of international criminal law. It provides legal practitioners, researchers, students and the public with free access to all relevant sources of international criminal law, including information on the most important international crimes (genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression). As a computer-aided legal research tool, the LTD provides access to all relevant case law, legal provisions (statutes and contracts), preparatory work and relevant scientific literature. [6] All resources are stored under persistent URLs (called PURLs). [7] As a result, courts, publishers (e.g. Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher) and other online services (e.g. Lexsitus[8] and the CMN Knowledge Hub)[9] link to LTD SOPs. In its most important public decisions, the International Criminal Court binds the LTD. For example, the Trial Chamber`s judgement in the Germain Katanga case contained 538 hyperlinks. [10] LTD recorded more than 6 million visits in 2018. As of May 1, 2019, it contained approximately 145,000 documents.

[11] To define a legal term, enter a word or phrase below. The Case Matrix is another service of the ICC`s Legal Tools Project. It is software that provides a matrix of legal requirements for international crimes and modes of liability on the one hand and potential evidence or evidence on the other. It contains two reference works of quotations from international jurisprudence, which have been implemented at the level of the elements of crime. [12] Abstracts are also available in Lexsitus. [13] There are online versions in English[14], Arabic[15] and Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian. [16] The Centre for International Law and Research (CILRAP)[17] has hosted the Case Matrix since 2012. The creators of Case Matrix, Morten Bergsmo and Ralph Hecksteden,[18] won the Dieter Meurer Prize for Legal Informatics in 2008 for their innovative qualities. [19] The case matrix motivated and informed the development of software such as I-DOC. [20] The Case Matrix application also inspired the name of the Case Matrix Network, the department of the Centre for International Law Research and Policy responsible for knowledge transfer and capacity development. [21] Tools are objects that a person needs to practice their profession.

These are instruments, tools, apparatus, apparatus and machinery normally used in the ordinary course of a person`s occupation, trade or occupation without the use of additional labour. For example, an electrician would have pliers, tape, etc. The ICC Legal Tools Project (“LTP”) has been leading the development of legal tools since its launch in 2003. Morten Bergsmo founded the project[22] when he was Senior Legal Adviser in the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (2002-2005)[23] and has been coordinator of the LTP ever since. Devasheesh Bais is the deputy coordinator. Ralph Hecksteden has been the technical developer of the project since 2005. [24] The project is supported by more than a dozen academic institutions and NGOs from all continents,[25] as well as more than 40 CMN fellows offered pro bono by the Centre for International Law Research and Policy (CILRAP) for the project. [26] The European Union and Finland have been the main donors to the ICC`s Legal Tools project. [27] The institutional partners of the project received support from other donors such as Norway. [28] This section related to law is a stub.

You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Supported by Black`s Law Dictionary, Free 2nd ed., and The Law Dictionary. As of May 1, 2019, the Legal Tools database contained more than 145,000 documents. [29] The documents are accessible in a tree structure where they are organized into nine main collections. [30] Each collection has several sub-collections, and responsibility for updating collections is assigned to MCN partners or fellows based on a detailed table of responsibilities. [31] The nine most important collections of documents in the Legal Tools Database are: Trading instruments are exempt assets – that is, they cannot be seized by creditors or receivers in a bankruptcy case in whole or up to a certain amount.